A balanced diet is one that includes the right amounts of food from all food groups.
Often, after diagnosis, we are concerned about what kind of changes we should make in our diet and what vitamins we can take, as well as having the perception that following the nutritionist’s recommendations will involve eating less or spending more money on food.
Here are some myths about food.
1. I can decide on my own diet: False, it is important for you to know that the help of a professional nutritionist is necessary. The nutritionist will prepare a diet according to what your body needs in order to be well. Improving your diet doesn’t mean that you need to stop eating. A key element is to know how to combine foods better.
2. People with HIV must follow a special diet: False, healthy eating habits are necessary changes for all people regardless of whether they are living with the virus or not. There are many health problems associated with poor diet, such as type 2 diabetes, triglyceride and cholesterol problems, cardiovascular problems, uric acid, and although there is a genetic component to colon cancer, it is also associated with a diet deficient in natural fiber (vegetables and fruits).
3. You need to take vitamins to stay healthy: True, vitamins are important for the body. However, the best vitamins we can take can be found in what we eat, so it is important to select the type of food we consume.
4. Dieting means to stop eating: False, in general nutrition professionals, rather than encouraging people “to stop eating or to eat less” strive to change habits, improve the quality of what we eat, and make the changes permanent, so it is more than just losing weight. Eating well can be delicious and make us feel better.
It is important to visit a professional nutritionist to make an assessment of your weight and establish with you the steps you should follow in relation to your diet and an exercise plan to improve your health.
It is also important to pay attention to hygiene during food preparation, cooking time to avoid the risk of intestinal infections due to inadequate handling, and hygiene when preparing food. For this reason, it is advisable to avoid eating out, and avoid fast food which is high in fat, salt and sugar. Your diet should also be complemented with daily physical activity.
Changes require time and perseverance but you can reach your goal if you decide to work hard at it.
Shall we begin now?